The toddler years last from ages 1 to 3. During these years, especially the early years of toddlerhood, your child's diet will expand to include foods not encouraged in the first year of life. A baby under age 1 should not drink cow's milk, because his stomach can't digest the proteins in cow's milk well. Breast milk continues to provide the best nutrition after 1 year, but milk, no matter what type, no longer meets all your child's nutrition needs. Soy, like cow's milk, is one of the most common allergies in children.
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It seems that all the the information I see regarding toddler nutrition assumes that your toddler is no longer breastfeeding and is eating mainly solids. As a result, many moms of breastfeeding toddlers particularly those who are eating few solids have lots of questions about how to adapt this information to their particular child. Your child can continue breastfeeding just as often during the second year, but offer solid foods a few times a day. As baby slowly moves into eating more solids, your milk will fill any nutritional gaps nicely. Once you do start to breastfeed less often, remember that you must make a greater effort to ensure that your child eats several meals of nutritious food each day. There are many people in many parts of the world who do not drink milk and still manage to get all the calcium, protein, fats, vitamin D, etc.
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Until the early 20th century, a wet nurse was the only safe alternative to breastfeeding, one reason being that each species has a unique composition of its milk. When techniques for chemical analyses of milks and assessment of the energy requirements of infants became available during the 19th century, reasonably safe breast milk substitutes started to be developed. Successively, these were developed into modern infant formulas during the 20th century using human milk composition as reference and cow's milk as protein source. Even with a composition similar to human milk there are differences in performance between formula-fed and breastfed infants.